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Helladic period The Bronze Age in mainland Greece is generally termed as the "Helladic period" by modern archaeologists, after Hellas, the Greek name for Greece.
This period is divided into three subperiods: The Early Helladic EH period c. The Middle Helladic MH period ca. Names of the Greeks and Achaeans Homer The decipherment of the Mycenaean Linear B script, a writing system adapted for the use of the Greek language of the Late Bronze Age,  demonstrated the continuity of Greek speech from the second millennium BC into the eighth century BC when a new script emerged.
Moreover, it revealed that the bearers of Mycenaean culture were ethnically connected with the populations that resided in the Greek peninsula after the end of this cultural period. Homer used the ethnonyms Achaeans, Danaans and Argives, to refer to the besiegers.
This land is geographically defined in an inscription from the reign of Amenhotep III r. Danaya has been equated with the ethnonym Danaoi Greek: These Ekwesh were mentioned as a group of the Sea People.
Some more complex structures are classified as forerunners of the later palaces. In a number of sites, defensive walls were also erected. The use of the new script spread in mainland Greece and offers valuable insight into the administrative network of the palatial centers.
However, the unearthed records are too fragmentary for a political reconstruction of Bronze Age Greece. The earliest palace structures were megaron-type buildings, such as the Menelaion in SpartaLakonia.
Knossos in Crete also became a Mycenaean center, where the former Minoan complex underwent a number of adjustments, including the addition of a throne room. At the head of this society was the king, known as wanax Linear B: All powers were vested in him, as the main landlord and spiritual and military leader.
At the same time he was an entrepreneur and trader and was aided by a network of high officials. The Hittite record mentions a certain Tawagalawa, a possible Hittite translation for Greek Eteocles, as brother of the king of Ahhiyawa.
In BoeotiaThebes was burned to the ground, around that year or slightly later. Nearby Orchomenos shared the same fate, while the Boeotian fortifications of Gla were deserted. In some cases, arrangements were also made for the creation of subterranean passages which led to underground cisterns.
Tiryns, Midea and Athens expanded their defences with new cyclopean-style walls. To this phase of extension belongs the impressive Lion Gatethe main entrance into the Mycenaean acropolis.
A second destruction struck Mycenae in ca.
This event marked the end of Mycenae as a major power. The site was then reoccupied, but on a smaller scale. Bronze Age collapse and Dorian Invasion Invasions, destructions and possible population movements during the collapse of the Bronze Age, ca. At present, there is no satisfactory explanation for the collapse of the Mycenaean palace systems.
The two most common theories are population movement and internal conflict. The first attributes the destruction of Mycenaean sites to invaders.
It appears that the Dorians moved southward gradually over a number of years and devastated the territory, until they managed to establish themselves in the Mycenaean centers. One of the ethnic groups that comprised these people were the Eqwesh, a name that appears to be linked with the Ahhiyawa of the Hittite inscriptions.
Recent archaeological findings tend to favor the latter scenario. The reason for the decline is migration due to overpopulation.At the same time, the civilization of the Greek mainland is classified as “Helladic”.
The Mycenaean era describes Helladic civilization towards the end of the 11th c. BCE and is also the called “Age of Heroes” because it is the source of the mythological heroes and epics like Hercules, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
In the second millennium BC, Mycenae was one of the major centres of Greek civilization, a military stronghold which dominated much of southern Greece, Crete, the Cyclades and parts of southwest Anatolia. The period of Greek history from about BC to about BC is called Mycenaean in reference to Mycenae.
The Babylonian Empire was one of the great empires that dominated the region of Mesopotamia. Many aspects that were unknown about this people were finally exposed thanks to the work of archaeologists and specialists who managed to decipher the information contained in baked clay tablets and other inscriptions this Babylonian culture .
Mycenae is the largest and most important center of the civilization that was named "Mycenaean" after this very citadel.
Mycenaean is the culture that dominated mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, and the shores of Asia Minor during the late Bronze Age era (circa BCE). Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and leader of the Greek army in the Trojan War of Homer’s caninariojana.com is presented as a great warrior but selfish ruler, famously upsetting his invincible champion Achilles and so prolonging the war and suffering of his men.
A hero from Greek mythology, there are no historical records of a Mycenaean king of that name but the city was a prosperous one in the. Greece The Age of Heroes. Essential Themes 5. caused fighting among their colonies and that the constant infighting eventually resulted in the collapse of their own civilization.
By BCE, the Mycenaean culture was weak and had become a target for invaders from the north, the Dorians.