Major Concepts Nursing Nursing is as art through which the practitioner of nursing gives specialized assistance to persons with disabilities which makes more than ordinary assistance necessary to meet needs for self-care. The nurse also intelligently participates in the medical care the individual receives from the physician.
Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing, which is composed of three interrelated theories: With children, the condition is the inability of the parent or guardian to maintain continuously for the child the amount and quality of care that is therapeutic.
The nurse also intelligently participates in the medical care the individual receives from the physician.
Environment has physical, chemical and biological features. It includes the family, culture and community. Self-care is the performance or practice of activities that individuals initiate and perform on their own behalf to maintain life, health and well-being.
Basic conditioning factors are age, gender, developmental state, health state, sociocultural orientation, health care system factors, family system factors, patterns of living, environmental factors, and resource adequacy and availability. Nursing is required when an adult or in the case of a dependent, the parent or guardian is incapable of or limited in the provision of continuous effective self-care.
Nursing Agency is a complex property or attribute of people educated and trained as nurses that enables them to act, to know, and to help others meet their therapeutic self-care demands by exercising or developing their own self-care agency.
Nursing System is the product of a series of relations between the persons: Subconcepts Self-care Requisites or requirements can be defined as actions directed toward the provision of self-care.
It is presented in three categories: Universal self-care requisites are associated with life processes and the maintenance of the integrity of human structure and functioning. The maintenance of a sufficient intake of air 2. The maintenance of a sufficient intake of water 3.
The maintenance of a sufficient intake of food 4.
The provision of care associated with elimination process and excrements 5. The maintenance of a balance between activity and rest 6. The maintenance of a balance between solitude and social interaction 7.
The prevention of hazards to human life, human functioning, and human well-being 8. The promotion of human functioning and development within social groups in accord with human potential, known human limitations, and the human desire to be normal Normalcy is used in the sense of that which is essentially human and that which is in accord with the genetic and constitutional characteristics and the talents of individuals.
Health deviation self-care requisites are required in conditions of illness, injury, or disease or may result from medical measures required to diagnose and correct the condition.
Seeking and securing appropriate medical assistance 2. Being aware of and attending to the effects and results of pathologic conditions and states 3. Effectively carrying out medically prescribed diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative measures 4.
Being aware of and attending to or regulating the discomforting or deleterious effects of prescribed medical measures 5.
Modifying the self-concept and self-image in accepting oneself as being in a particular state of health and in need of specific forms of health care 6.The goal of Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Deficit Nursing Theory is to help nurses understand their patients on a better level.
By teaching people and other nurses how self-care can be implemented, it becomes possible to treat illness or disease more effectively. Orem's general theory of self-care deficit nursing states that a self-care demand exists when the patient of family members are not able to provide care for him/herself and those self-care demands can be met by the nurse (Masters, ).
The Self-Care Deficit Theory developed as a result of Dorothea E. Orem working toward her goal of improving the quality of nursing in general hospitals in her state.
The model interrelates concepts in such a way as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon. Dorothea E.
Orem. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory. Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing, which is composed of three interrelated theories: (1) the theory of self-care, (2) the self-care deficit theory, and (3) the theory of nursing systems.
Biography Dorothea Elizabeth Orem was born (July 22, ) in Baltimore, Maryland. She studied Diploma in Nursing in at the Providence Hospital.
Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing, which is composed of three interrelated theories: (1) the theory of self-care, (2) the self-care deficit theory, and (3) the theory of nursing systems.