Imperialism - in India and China By: Imperialism - in India and China Imperialism is the domination of a weaker country by a stronger country. For instance Britain dominated India and China in the mid s to the beginning of the 20th century.
The cost of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq seems invisible to politicians and the public. Even when the wars succeed in overthrowing a government, as in the case of Essay imperialism in india Taliban in Afghanistan, Saddam Hussein in Iraq, and Moammar Khadafy in Libya, the result is rarely a stable government, and is more often a civil war.
Advertisement From tothe superficial answer would have been the Cold War. At that point, US political and business leaders sought to join the European empires — especially Britain, France, Russia, and the newly emergent Germany — in overseas conquests.
The British were the unrivaled masters of regime change — for example, in carving up the corpse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I. Yet the exhaustion from two world wars and the Great Depression ended the British and French empires after World War II and thrust the United States and Russia into the forefront as the two main global empires.
The Cold War had begun. As ofUS output constituted a remarkable 27 percent of global output, with the Soviet Union roughly a third of that, around 10 percent. The Cold War fed two fundamental ideas that would shape American foreign policy till now. The first was that the United States was in a struggle for survival against the Soviet empire.
The second was that every country, no matter how remote, was a battlefield in that global war. While the United States and the Soviet Union would avoid a direct confrontation, they flexed their muscles in hot wars around the world that served as proxies for the superpower competition.
Often, far more prosaic interests were involved. Oil interests in the Middle East were another repeated cause of war, as had been the case for the British Empire from the s. The wars of regime change were, with few exceptions, a litany of foreign policy failure. They were also extraordinarily costly for the United States itself.
Advertisement The end of the Cold War, inshould have been the occasion for a fundamental reorientation of US guns-versus-butter policies. Indeed, the Rio Earth Summit, inestablished sustainable development as the centerpiece of global cooperation, or so it seemed. Alas, the blinders and arrogance of American imperial thinking prevented the United States from settling down to a new era of peace.
Or at least that was the plan. The imperial thinking has led to wars of regime change in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Somalia, and Syria, across four presidencies: Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama.
There is a major economic difference, however, between now andmuch less At the start of the Cold War, inthe United States produced around 27 percent of world output.
As ofwhen the Dick Cheney and Paul Wolfowitz dreams of US dominance were taking shape, the United States accounted for around 22 percent of world production. The United States is incurring massive public debt and cutting back on urgent public investments at home in order to sustain a dysfunctional, militarized, and costly foreign policy.
Thus comes a fundamental choice. If, as some neoconservatives support, the United States now engages in an arms race with China, we are bound to come up short in a decade or two, if not sooner.
The costly wars in the Middle East — even if continued much less enlarged in a Hillary Clinton presidency — could easily end any realistic hopes for a new era of scaled-up federal investments in education, workforce training, infrastructure, science and technology, and the environment.
In the end, the Soviet Union bankrupted itself through costly foreign adventures such as the invasion of Afghanistan and its vast over-investment in the military.
Today the United States has similarly over-invested in the military, and could follow a similar path to decline if it continues the wars in the Middle East and invites an arms race with China.British Imperialism in India and China Imperialism is the domination of a weaker country by a stronger country.
For instance Britain dominated India and China in the mid s to the beginning of the 20th century. Anti-Globalization Movements! The anti-globalization movement developed in the late twentieth century.
It emerged with the aim of combating the globalization of corporate economic activity and all exploitation of developing nations that could result from such activity. Fascism, communism, genocide, slavery, racism, imperialism--the West has no shortage of reasons for guilt.
And, indeed, since the Holocaust and the end of World War II, Europeans in particular have been consumed by remorse.
1•Oceans are an important source of food in Japan.
•Terrace farming is used in many parts of China. • Irrigation systems are widely used in India. Linguistic Roots of Imperialism. The original meaning of imperialism was a simple one: "imperial government," that is, empire in the classical sense (such as existed in ancient Rome, China, and Greece).
In more recent times, imperialism has become synonymous with western hegemony in Africa and Asia from the 18th through the 20th centuries and with the spreading cultural influence of the United.
While destroying India economically and politically, imperialism also had some good effects on India. With the spread of imperialism and colonialism, foreign powers took an interest in India and thus introduced new means of transport and communication.