The issues involved in international management span the whole gamut of those concerning management in general, but there are several areas of special interest, including:
Health and safety issues may be of concern to employees overseas, and security has become a very difficult issue in certain areas of the world.
The nature of labor unions and labor laws can be an important variable for managers from other countries when dealing with host-country national employees.
Global Health and Safety Safety and health laws and regulations vary from country to country, ranging from virtually nonexistent to more stringent than in the United States. The importance placed on workplace safety varies among different countries.
With more and more expatriates working internationally, especially in some of the less-developed countries, significant health and safety issues are arising, and addressing these issues is part of the HR role. Similar practices are recommended for those traveling or working in some African and lesser-developed Asian countries, including China.
Another consideration is provision of emergency evacuation services. For instance, how to evacuate and care for an expatriate employee who sustains internal injuries in a car accident in the Ukraine or Sierra Leone may be a major issue. Many global firms purchase coverage for their international employees from an organization that provides emergency services, such as International SOS, Global Assistance Network, or U.
To use such a service, an employer pays a membership fee per employee, and all employee travelers are given emergency contact numbers. If an emergency arises, the emergency services company will dispatch physicians or even transport employees by chartered aircraft.
If adequate medical assistance can be obtained locally, the emergency services company maintains a referral list and will make arrangements for the expatriate to receive treatment.
Legal counsel in foreign countries, emergency cash for medical expenses, and assistance in retrieving lost documents or having them reissued also are provided by emergency services firms.
International Security and Terrorism As more U. In a three-month period in a recent year, several hundred terrorist acts were aimed at businesses and businesspeople.
Many of these acts targeted company facilities and offices. Nevertheless, individual employees and their families living abroad must constantly be aware of security issues.
Countries vary in the extent to which they are likely to see violence at the workplace.
Figure shows the share of workers reporting violence on the job in different countries. It should be noted, of course, that not all violence occurs at work.
Kidnapping, murder, home invasion, robberies, and car-jackings are relatively frequent in some places. People who appear affluent are targets, and in some countries a person can appear ostentatiously wealthy simply by wearing eyeglasses. Many firms provide bodyguards who escort executives everywhere.
Family members of employees also receive training in security. Children are told to avoid wearing sweatshirts with U. In a number of countries schools for children of U. Firms themselves are taking other actions. For example, one U.Published: Mon, 5 Dec Globalization is everywhere.
It is the process of increased interdependence between nations (Carbaugh, ).
Globalization is driven by technological change and the liberalization of trade and opening up of the markets. Start studying expatriate managers. Learn vocabulary, Local managers hired by the MNC Payment for differences between the home country and the overseas.
In Ethnocentric Approach, the key positions in the organization are filled with the employees of the parent country. All the managerial decisions viz.
Mission, vision, objectives are formulated by the MNC’s at their headquarters, and the same is to be followed by the host company. In Ethnocentric Approach, country due to the cultural differences. Difficulty in guiding employees living far expatriates from the parent country are.
Analysis of the ethnocentric approach to with the selection of employees who have the suitable skills differences between expatriates and local. Ethnocentric approach differences between and to point out the main differences between expatriates and local employees.
Essence of ethnocentric approach.