A well-designed structure can also make it easier to identify inefficiencies and new problems as the organization grows. Reviewing your organizational structure on a regular basis will help ensure that you are set up for optimal growth well into the future.
The Team Structure — the use of teams as the central device to coordinate work activities. The Virtual Organization — a small, core organization that out sources major business functions The Boundaryless Organization — an organization that seeks to eliminate the chain of command, have limitless spans of control, and replace departments with empowered teams.
Why Do Structures Differ? Consider the mechanistic model and the organic model. The mechanistic model is characterized by extensive departmentalization, high formalization, a limited information network, and centralization.
The organic model is flat, uses cross-hierarchical and cross-functional teams, has low formalization, possesses a comprehensive information network, and relies on participative decision making. Organizational Designs and Employee Behavior It is difficult to generalize what will work best for all employees.
For example, work specialization may lead to higher productivity but can reduce job satisfaction. Individual differences, experience, and the work task are key. Managers should be reminded that structural variables like work specialization, span of control, formalization, and centralization are objective characteristics that can be measured by organizational researchers.
However, most employees do not perceive structure the same way as researchers do.“Organizational culture is the sum of values and rituals which serve as ‘glue’ to integrate the members of the organization.” — Richard Perrin Culture is a carrier of meaning.
Managing People & Organizations. Session 2: Foundations of Organizational Structure. After studying this chapter, you should be able to. Identify the six elements of an organization’s structure.
LO 1 1 5 -1 0 Identify Seven Elements of an Organization’s Structure ØCentralization and Decentralization ØCentralization refers to the degree to which decision making is concentrated at a single point in the organization.
Foundations - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Organization Organization Structure: Structure: Its Its Determinants Determinants and and Outcomes Outcomes Associated with Implicit Models of Organizational Structure.
Setting the tax aspects aside, the second consideration, which applies to both profit and non-profit foundations, is the lack of flexibility of this legal structure. As mentioned above, the. The membership, structure, and function of some of the School's committees are governed by University, Administrative and Operational Policies and the applicable Collective Bargaining Agreement.
The Director may establish ad hoc committees in consultation with the FAC.